Sunday, April 20, 2014

Not a Fun Party

Who are the members  of the Tea Party?

“90% of Tea Party members are white; Less than 1% are Black
About 40% are college educated
60% are male; 40% female
55% make over $50, 000/year;   20% report making over $100, 000/year
95% report they are Christian; 40% describe themselves as Evangelical; 40% attend church services weekly
    35% of all Party members live in the South;  25% live in the West;  20% live in the Midwest.
    60% say they own a gun
    Most Tea Partiers who report being angry also report carrying a large debt load. In other words, they’re just trying to keep their heads above water. They report having to work harder for less money while their number one asset, their home, has slid in value over the years. If they are lucky enough to have a retirement account such as a 401K, 40% report having borrowed at least once from the funds. “   

    This last bit of information is revealing. A significant number of Tea Party supporters are lower middle class. They are the people who receive no government support except, if they are old enough, perhaps Social Security and Medicare. They are the people whose incomes have stagnated since the middle 1970s. Above them are people who make astronomical amounts of money, many of them college drop-outs, many of them still quite  young. For many of these newly rich, marriage and the heterosexual family are not the center of their social life. Some of them are even practicing homosexuals. Few of them go to Church every Sunday.
    Tea Partiers are angry because they are not doing as well as many others. Their economic situation is, on the contrary, deteriorating as is their social situation. They pay taxes which they can ill afford so that the government—they believe—can support irresponsible life styles of people of color, of people who are on drugs, who are sexually licentious. At the same time their, to them obvious, white superiority can no longer be asserted proudly. It must hide shamefaced in a society that is governed by—horrors!—a black man.

    Hence the whiny tone, the deep sense of being done to, of being the victim of forces that put to shame traditional American values. They have many grievances—economic, social, racial and religious.

    But they are to blame for their own problems, for being too gullible when they listen to capitalist propaganda. Their economic straits are, after all, the results of free-market capitalism, which they admire so much and support vociferously.

    Their frustration with the political system is connected with their foolish defense of free-market capitalism. As the latest Supreme Court decision striking down some limits on campaign contributions illustrates once again so vividly, capitalism as we know it today gives enormous political power to some and very little, if any, to most of us. They are right when they complain about lacking political power. But they have no idea why that is so.

     One can refuse to lend a sympathetic ear to their racist ranting about social services. They are after all—as Whites – responsible for the oppression of people of color and refuse to take responsibility for that. The Africans who survived the Middle Passage did not freely choose slavery. They were enslaved by the ancestors of white Tea Party members.

    But it is true that they are victimized, for instance by ruthless ideologues like the Koch brothers. They are right about that. Their victimization is all the more frustrating because they completely misunderstand its origins. Insofar as they allow themselves to be misled about capitalism and about the role of the very rich in our political system, they allow themselves to become complicit in their victimization.

    The blame for their condition does not rest on leftists, communists, atheists, or people of color. The blame falls mostly on them for being credulous and gullible.

    Not a fun party, that Tea Party.

Sunday, April 6, 2014

Congress for Sale?

Until a few days ago, campaign finance law limited how much money altogether any campaign donor could contribute to political candidates in any given year. Yesterday the majority of the US Supreme Court declared that such a limitation "intrude[s] without justification on a citizen's ability to exercise the most fundamental First Amendment activities," namely expressing one's opinion about a political candidate.
The Court's opinion recognized that there is “only one legitimate governmental interest for restricting campaign finances: preventing corruption or the appearance of corruption. Moreover the only type of corruption Congress may target is quid pro quo corruption. Spen- ding large sums of money in connection with elections, but not in the effort to control the exercise of an officeholder's official duties, does not give rise to quid pro quo corruption.”
This passage is a direct quotation from the Supreme Court decision issued on April 2, 2014. Let's look at it.
1. Campaign contributions can either be exercises of free speech—the donors state their political preferences (and put their money where their mouths are)-- or be Quid pro quo corruption when the campaign funds are given in exchange for the politician's vote in a specific case.
2. Quid pro quo corruption is further identified as wielding“ control over the exercise of the officeholder's functions.” One very important function of officeholders, elected representatives in federal, state, or local legislative bodies is to pass legislation. If a representative changes his or her votes to meet the desires of a large contributor to electoral campaigns, we have a case of quid pro quo corruption.
That's fair enough.
But the Court adds that
3. A campaign donor who gives generously to a candidate's campaign but does not ask for specific votes to meet the donor's political agendas is not engaging in corruption. The campaign donations should be counted as a case of speech protected by the Fist Amendment.
But how do we distinguish between a bribe I give to an elected representative and a campaign contribution? That is surely the key question here. We try to limit monetary contributions to political campaigns because we think that the large donors buy influence over the votes a representative will cast. Citizens widely believe that large campaign donations are, in fact, not expressions of political opinion but are plain and simple bribes.
The Court will have none of that. Unless the donor is buying the representative's vote outright, there is nothing to worry about.
But how do we know that?
Most obviously, rarely, if ever, are there explicit deals made, committed to writing-- unmistakable records of unambiguous corruption. It is, in most cases, very difficult to tell whether the donor is buying votes or just uttering political opinions. The court seems to believe that unless there is an unambiguous record of the representative promising to vote certain measures up and down in accord with the donor's demands, campaign donations are just expressions of political opinions.
But consider this. You are an elected representative. Campaigns are every year more expensive. You spend an inordinate amount of time fund raising. If it were not for a few individuals who contribute as lavishly to your campaigns as the law allows, you would not be able to get reelected. So if your big donor calls to have lunch, you will find the time. Just a friendly lunch; you talk family, you gossip a bit, and, yes, your donor lays out the case for some legislation he cares a lot about. Will you have time to listen to a lobbyist in the donor's employ who makes a very good case for this legislation? Yes, of course.
You vote as your donor had hoped you would. He may give you an investment tip or two. [Recent news stories had it that more than half the members of Congress are millionaires. How did they earn that much money?]
What happened to the other side in this issue? Did you have a chance to listen to people who oppose your donor's position? Too bad, that you were too busy but of course the demands on a politicians time are really crazy.
In the view of the majority of Supreme Court justices this is not corruption. It is constitutionally protected political speech.
Is that naïve . . . or corrupt?